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What Causes Uneven Skin Tone and What Treatments Are Available?

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Another factor that might make you appear and feel older than you actually are, besides fine lines and wrinkles, is dull or uneven skin tone. Additionally to making other facial flaws and age indications more obvious, it gives the skin a dull and worn-out appearance. As a result, your self-assurance may suffer or you can start to feel uncomfortable.

Uneven skin tone explained

Uneven skin tone essentially refers to regions or spots of skin that are darker than your natural complexion. It is frequently identified as hyperpigmentation, a disorder marked by an increase in melanin synthesis and the development of flat, darker areas. 

The most obvious manifestation of this condition is visible skin discoloration, but other symptoms of uneven skin tone include dry areas of skin and a rough or bumpy texture. Age or sun spots, melasma, and other pigmented diseases are typical manifestations that typically affect the face, neck, and arms. 

How does skin tone becomes uneven

Most people suffer uneven skin tone, which is a common problem. But each individual experiences it differently, as do its severity and causes. The most frequent causes of inconsistent skin pigmentation are listed below.

  • Exposure to the sun or UV radiation can result in UV damage and the development of brown or black patches. In an effort to protect you from UV light, your body produces an excessive amount of melanin, which results in these darker patches of skin. 
  • Pollution: Tiny airborne contaminants may go inside your pores and stay there for a while. As a result, you may be more susceptible to developing various skin conditions. They may damage the skin’s capacity to act as a barrier. Furthermore, pollution produces free radicals that can cause cell damage that results in uneven skin tone, increased pores, and skin irritation. 
  • Hormones – Melasma is a pigmentation type that appears as brownish or grey spots on the face and is thought to be brought on by changes in hormone levels. It is referred described as “the mask of pregnancy” since it is widespread among pregnant women. Aside from hormonal therapies, birth control pills, and specific types of medications, it can also be a side effect. 
  • Darkened or pigmented areas may appear as a result of skin damage, trauma, or inflammation, which is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). For instance, acne can cause scarring or scars after the pimples have disappeared. Burns, skin disorders (such as psoriasis or eczema), and improper application of certain treatments, such peels, dermabrasion, and lasers, can also result in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). 

Managing skin tone irregularities

You cannot combat uneven pigmentation throughout the skin with a single skin care technique or suggestion. Uneven skin tone may be managed or even improved in a variety of ways because there are several causes of it.

Make sun protection a priority – UV exposure can cause pigmentation, so be sure to use sun protection methods daily. Among these include using a broad-spectrum sunscreen every day, avoiding the sun’s rays at peak times, and dressing in protective gear like sunglasses, hats, or outerwear when spending time outside.

Gently exfoliate – Proper exfoliation may remove dead skin cells and other pollutants that might accumulate on your skin, such as dirt, extra oil, and makeup. Just be careful while exfoliating or use mild exfoliants (retinoids, salicylic acid). As they might irritate the skin and exacerbate uneven skin tone, stay away from scrubs and abrasives. 

Utilize an anti-aging serum It may take months or even a year for certain markings and spots to disappear on their own. Some people might be a little persistent, so lightening them up can take a little assistance. A good brightening serum, especially one that contains vitamin C or niacinamide, might help lessen their look. Just keep in mind that topical treatments’ effects often last just a short while, anything from a few weeks to a few months. 

Get a facial or a chemical peel: These two cosmetic procedures can exfoliate the skin and aid with uneven skin tone for a clearer appearance. Medical-grade facials and chemical peels are two in-office procedures that can help remove the top layers of damaged skin, fading discolouration and enhancing the look of aging and other skin issues. 

Take skin resurfacing into consideration; this non-surgical beauty technique removes the top layer of the skin while inflicting microscopic wounds that encourage the production of collagen. While helping to promote the growth of fresh, healthy skin, it resurfaces the damaged layer. You could see a smoother, more even complexion as a result.

In the aftermath of the procedure, skin resurfacing causes your skin to naturally develop a protective dressing. After three to five days, this will peel off, exposing skin that is cleaner and more radiant. It can help cure or improve: by being applied to the entire face.  

  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Skin that has been harmed by the sun
  • aging marks
  • Acne scars and stains
  • creases and lines in the skin
  • Skin’s texture is uneven

The third or fourth day, or once the skin has peeled off, is when improvements begin to emerge. To detect a noticeable difference in the tone and texture of your skin, you might need to wait for one or two weeks. As collagen develops or production rises over time, outcomes will likewise continue to get better. 

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